Lješev Stup
Before the war
Vuk Lješevostupac
Vuk Raslapčević
Clan Kuzman
Wars before 1918
Resistance and KPJ
World War II
End of XX century
Mont icon Icon Eng   

TRADITION is not nourishing past,

but permanent

  Tradition in Montenegro is cultivated with special care, and probably nowhere else cherishes and preserves as well as in these areas. When we say this, we must bear in mind that in recent time there is more and more rapid change in attitude towards tradition. Recently, when specific conditions in which the traditions grown disappear, at the time of rapid transition to a modern lifestyle and behaviour, and adaption to the new environment, comes to the abandonment of tradition and traditional ethnic norms, which leads to alienation and moral declining. In such conditions the young people remain uninformed about their background and their ancestors, and so, looking at the past from the present perspective, consciously or not - create a wrong picture about it. As a consequence, there are more and more examples that many, especially young ones, try to be as far as possible away from the "old" to bypass and "forget" their humble peasant origins - which often makes them funny.

Just to remember how thoroughly we study the history of other nations-and we will see how little we know about ourselves, and saying "If you don't who you are, you don't know what you are" will become even more logical. This work therefore aims to partly fill this gap, of course within margins of the topics that treats, and as much as it is possible with this approach. As an ingenious man said,  nothing begins from us - us neither ...

Respecting, thought that the tradition is not fostering obsolete, but what's lasting and worth, I tried to obtain and present basic information about Lješev Stup and clan Popivoda, singling out what I thought should be remembered. Taking facts from oblivion, I wanted to younger, who are territorial and more or less distant from the old homeland, tell some facts and traditions of their Native village and the development of family lineage, life and movement of their ancestors in recent times, their temper and mentality and the environment in which they lived for centuries.

I've invested a lot of effort in finding the source material, to present more data based on archival documents and literature, but, despite such efforts, a good part of my narratives had to be based on folk tradition, which in earlier times was the only "textbook" of history.

 Since 1967, I started recording memories of our old cousins late Milovan Lazarev (1897-1972), late Jagoš Gorčinov (1896-1982), Vuko Lukin (1889), Krsto Lukin (1891), Nikola Radojev (1897) and a few Popivoda born after the year1900. They knew a lot about the past, and all the traditions that are listed here - came from them.

The clan Kuzman, which binds us centuries fellowship, I wrote a little bit, but I am aware that this is not enough. The reason is that they started relocating more than two hundred years ago, so in this century in the village lived only two or three families, so thorough exploration of their past would require more time and effort. Because of that I had, although against my will, to leave that to someone else to do.

I'm sorry that here you will not find information about our mothers and sisters who have the merit for everything good and honoured, and who endured tremendous efforts. But it would overload us with data that are not always sufficiently checked, or would have been incomplete, so it would be wrong against those who would not be mentioned.

I want to emphasize that for the cousins who survived the 1941-1945 war I did not give biographical and other information, except when their name linked to specific events on which we talk. I thought that for this, however, we require some time distance. The exception is somewhat Krsto Gorčinov, because the entire advanced activities in the village - especially until 1941. was inextricably linked to his revolutionary activities, and it had great influence on everything that occurred in the village later.

This work has no other pretensions than to members of the clan Popivoda, and others who are interested in it, offer the possibility to find in one place some information about this Katunian village and its inhabitants, data so far have been scattered, and as tradition would permanently fallen into oblivion.


17. July 1984th